Are you at Risk?
Important: This content reflects information from various sources and organizations. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented.
It is estimated that 70% of Type 2 diabetes cases can be prevented or at least delayed.
Type 2 diabetes is not just an ‘adult onset’ condition. Children as young as 8 or younger are appearing with Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes risk is affected by many factors including gender and age, diet, physical activity levels, body weight, blood glucose levels, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and family history of diabetes.
Some ethnic populations including South Asian, East Indian, Inuit, Metis, First Nations, Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islanders, African Americans, Native Americans, Latinos and Asian Americans are at greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. The reasons for this are unclear.
Type 2 diabetes can exist for a long time without noticeable signs or symptoms. It is insidious and progressive. At time of diagnosis, cell damage can be in progress. Thus, complications occur earlier and can be more severe in youth with Type 2 versus youth with Type 1 since Type 1 usually appears ‘quickly’ and leads to immediate treatment.
Type 2 in youth is also a more severe disease than is Type 2 in adults, with an increased risk of mortality the younger the onset of Type 2.
“Type 2 diabetes in childhood has the potential to become a global public health issue leading to serious health outcomes. More information … is needed urgently”
IDF World Diabetes Atlas, 8th edition, Nov 2017 (p 60)
Many people living with diabetes do not know they have the condition. It is estimated the number could be as high as 40%. That reality, in combination with the possibility of prevention are compelling reasons for ‘getting tested’ for diabetes.
Start here now!
Youth – Know your risk – Get Tested!
SFBLF, in collaboration with medical colleagues in Canada, the USA and Australia, developed (in 2016) a basic tool to help youth (age 8 – 18) and their families.
This questionnaire is designed to raise awareness of the risks, prompt consideration of early screening, and provide basic information regarding steps to take to protect oneself.
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Self Assessment Questionnaire for Youth and Young Adults (8 – 18)
To access a ‘self-scoring’ version of this Questionnaire, please click here:
To download a hard copy of the Questionnaire, click here.
In either case, if your resulting score indicates, please consider having yourself tested by a qualified healthcare professional.
Adults – Know your risk – Get Tested!
There are several diabetes risk self-assessment tools available for adults. Most are interactive documents that compute a ‘score’ based on answers provided. Some can be downloaded also. Generally, these tools for adults attempt to predict the probability of your developing Type 2 Diabetes in the next 5 to 10 years. Here are some example links to such questionnaires:
- Canada – CanRisk – Public Health Agency Canada [Age 40 – 74]
- Australia – AusDRisk – Diabetes Australia [Age 35 and older]
- France – Federation des Diabétiques
- United Kingdom – Diabetes UK [Age 18 and older]
- United States – ADA Risk Test [Age 40 and older]
- International Diabetes Federation (IDF) [Age 45 and older]
Retinopathy Risk Calculator www.retinarisk.com
This new application empowers people living with diabetes to assess in real time their individualized risk for sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy.
“The Retina Risk app is applicable for all age groups living with diabetes although the risk of developing sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy is known to increase along with the duration of diabetes. The app can also serve as an educational tool by allowing persons with diabetes to better understand the associated risks and how they can be prevented. The App’s easy-to-visualize, effective and efficient education tools vividly demonstrate how improvement of modifiable risk factors (e.g. blood glucose, HbA1c, blood pressure) could significantly lower patients’ risk of diabetic retinopathy and expensive interventions“.
– Retina Risk Team, Reykjavik Iceland firstname.lastname@example.org