Important: This content reflects information from various sources and organizations. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.

Diabetes Risk

Diabetes is a worldwide pandemic with over 415 million adults (age 20 – 79) living with diabetes and another 318 million with pre-diabetes as at the end of 2015. That is an increase of over 33 million cases in just 2 years. No one knows for sure how many children and youth are living with diabetes but it is widely agreed the numbers are escalating in every country. Type 2 diabetes in youth is strongly correlated with being over-weight or obese.

Type 2 Diabetes risk is affected by many factors including gender and age, diet, physical activity levels, body weight, blood glucose levels, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and family history of diabetes. Some ethnic populations including South Asian, East Indian, Inuit, Metis, First Nations, Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islanders and Black have a greater risk than do other groups.

Type 2 diabetes can exist without noticeable signs or symptoms. The longer Type 2 diabetes goes undetected, the greater the risk of developing diabetes-related complications. It is estimated that 40% of people who have pre-diabetes or Type 2 diabetes do not know they have the condition.

Diabetes related complications include cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, vision loss, dental disease, mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression and eating disorders. In some cases, diabetes can lead to lower limb amputation.

70% of Type 2 diabetes cases can be prevented, or at least delayed, by healthy eating, regular daily exercise and not smoking.

It is very important to have regular check-ups with your healthcare provider to prevent or manage diabetes. If any of the risk questionnaires included below indicate you might be at risk, please consider getting tested for diabetes by a qualified healthcare provider.

Youth and Young Adults – Check Your Diabetes Risk (Age 8 – 18)

An evidence-based Type 2 diabetes risk self-assessment tool for youth age 18 and under does not exist. SFBLF, in collaboration with medical colleagues in Canada, the USA and Australia, has developed (in 2016) a basic tool to help youth (age 8 – 18) and their families until such time as a fully validated tool can be derived.

This questionnaire is designed to raise awareness of the risks, prompt consideration of early screening, and provide basic information regarding steps to take to protect oneself.

Type 2 Diabetes Risk Self Assessment Questionnaire for Youth and Young Adults (8 – 18)

1. To download a hard copy of the Questionnaire, click here:


2. To access a ‘self-scoring’ version of this Questionnaire, please click here:


Take Questionnaire Now!


Adults – Check Your Diabetes Risk

There are several diabetes risk self-assessment tools available for adults. Most are interactive documents that compute a ‘score’ based on answers provided. Some can be downloaded also. Generally, these tools attempt to predict the probability of your contracting Type 2 diabetes in the next 5 to 10 years.

Canada – CanRisk – Public Health Agency Canada [Age 40 – 74]

Australia – AusDRisk – Diabetes Australia [Age 35 and older]

France – Federation des Diabétiques




United Kingdom – Diabetes UK [Age 18 and older] 

United States – ADA Risk Test [Age 40 and older]

International Diabetes Federation (IDF) [Age 45 and older]



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