Banting Timeline

The following are a selection of significant events in the life of
Sir Frederick Banting
[compiled by Dr. Peter Banting, Prof Emeritus,  Director SFBLF]


Spring 1891: Parents William and Margaret (nee Grant) moved to Lot 2 Concession 2; now Sir Frederick Banting Road

14 November 1891: Frederick Grant Banting was born on the family farm in Alliston, Ontario, Canada

August 1898: Fred started public school in Alliston at the age of 7

August 1906: Frederick started high school in Alliston

July 1910: Graduated high school

September 1910: Entered Victoria College of the University of Toronto to pursue a career in Methodist Ministry but left before the end of the first year

September 1912: Entered University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine 1T7, with a specialty in surgery

6 January 1914: Fred’s farm neighbour and friend with diabetes, Jennie Victoria Jorden, died at age 14. Fred was a pallbearer at her funeral

5 August 1914: Upon declaration of war, Banting attempted to enlist in the Canadian Armed Forces but was rejected due to his poor eyesight

October 1914: Banting attempted, for a second time, to enlist in the Canadian Armed Forces but was rejected again due to his poor eyesight

Spring 1915: Enrolled in the Canadian Army Medical Service as a Private

Summer 1915: Attended training Camp Niagara Falls

9 December 1916: Graduated with an M.B., University of Toronto; along with others in an accelerated class due to the Great War

10 December 1916: Reported for Military Duty

26 March 1917: Lieutenant Banting sailed to Britain

2 May 1917: Served at Granville Canadian Special Hospital, under Lieutenant-Colonel Starr in Ramsgate, Kent, across the Channel from the French Battlefields 

Late June 1918: Captain F.G. Banting went to France No. 3 Canadian General Hospital as a battalion Medical Officer and then No. 13 Canadian Field Ambulance in the Amiens-Arras sector

16 August 1918: Posted as a Medical Officer to the 44th Battalion, 4th Canadian Division in Arras

28 September 1918: Awarded Military Cross for Bravery on the Front 

February 1919: Returned to Canada and was posted to Christie Street Hospital for Veterans in Toronto for six months

Summer 1919: Released from the Army

Autumn 1919: Intern at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto

June 1920: Resident Surgeon at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto

1 July 1920: Began his practice in Medicine in London, Ontario, where he lived for ten months

1920: Part-time teaching assistant in Physiology at the University of Western Ontario at London, Ontario

31 October 1920: Awoke with “eureka” idea of how to isolate insulin after reading the article ‘The Relation of the Islets of Langerhans to Diabetes with Special Reference to Cases of Pancreatic Lithiasis’ by Moses Barron, M.D.

8 November 1920: Met with John James Rickard Macleod (1876-1935) at the University of Toronto about his idea; Macleod offered lab space, an assistant, and dogs

17 May 1921 – September 1921: Began Isletin research at the University of Toronto, assisted by Charles Herbert Best (1899-1978)

27 July 1921: Banting and Best successfully isolated the hormone Isletin (later named Insulin)

30 July 1921: First positive results from injection of Isletin on a Terrier dog Number 410 while Macleod was in Scotland

September 1921: Velyien Henderson, Head of Pharmacology Department, offered Banting a position as a demonstrator, allowing for Banting’s Insulin work to continue

14 November 1921: Banting and Best presented their findings before the Physiological Journal Club of the University of Toronto

18 November 1921: Began Longevity Test on dog Number 33

23 November 1921: Banting and Best injected each other with Insulin

30 December 1921: Delivered first public lecture entitled ‘The Beneficial Influences of Certain Pancreatic Extracts on Pancreatic Diabetes’ before an audience of prominent scientists and clinicians at Yale University, including F.M. Allen, E.P Joslin, and G.H.A. Clowes

April 1922: With the help of Dr. Joseph Gilchrist, and the support of the Department of Soldier’s Civil Re-establishment, Banting established a Diabetic Clinic at the Christie Street Hospital for Veterans and opened his own practice on 160 Bloor Street West where he treated private patients

May 1923: The Ontario Legislative Assembly passed the Banting and Best Medical Research Act that established the Banting and Best Chair of Medical Research, for which Banting was appointed the first director and was funded with an annual grant of $10,000

27 July 1923: The Dominion Government awarded Banting a lifetime annuity of $7500

25 August 1923: Banting opened the Canadian National Exhibition where he spoke to a crowd of 76500 people

25 October 1923: Banting became the first Canadian to win a Nobel Prize in Medicine which was conferred jointly on Banting and Macleod

16 July 1927: Began a painting expedition to the Arctic with A.Y. Jackson

17 September 1930: University of Toronto dedicated a building to Banting named The Banting Institute

June 1934: Banting was Knighted by King George V

1938: Invited to become the first chairman for the Associate Committee on Medical Research of the National Research Council

1939: Banting was among the first to offer his services to his Country and rejoined the Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps for the Second World War

20 February 1941: As part of his war service, Banting was en route to England the night when his plane, a Lockheed Hudson Bomber, crashed on the east coast of Newfoundland. Shortly after the takeoff, the plane developed mechanical problems and the pilot, J.C. Mackey, attempted to bring the plane down near Musgrave Harbour, but hit a tree on landing. Both the operator and the navigator died on impact and Banting was fatally injured

21 February 1941: Banting died as a result of his injuries, leaving one son, William, and his second wife, Lady Henrietta Ball Banting

4 March 1941: Banting is buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Toronto, Ontario (section 29, lot 29)

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